Visiting Fountains Abbey is like peeling away layers of history. Are you exploring the 12th century Cistercian Abbey that became the wealthiest foundation in Europe, or the monastery that was plundered by Henry VIII, or the ruin that became part of an 18th century estate? Or are you just enjoying a walk in a 21st century park in the rolling North Yorkshire countryside?
In reality, of course, it is all of these, and more. I visited on a sunny August morning when the park was full of visitors: families making the most of the school holidays, holiday makers and people enjoying a day off work. The park is huge – 800 acres in total – and it manages to remain peaceful while accommodating the crowds. Many visitors had stopped off at first base – piling into the adventure playground and the children’s exhibition area.
A Wealthy Cistercian Monastery
I passed the sign advertising forthcoming events at Fountains – craft workshops, open air theatre and family activities – then headed towards the ruined abbey. It is an impressive sight, a great stone skeleton nestling in a valley. It can only hint at past glories, but I tried to flesh it out in my imagination as we walked through the vast cellarium, where the lay brothers (whose labour brought wealth to the abbey while the monks studied and prayed) lived, ate and slept. It was a mostly silent order, so any sounds must have echoed eerily from the high vaulted ceiling.
The ruins are a paradise for children, with steps and passageways everywhere, and the silence was punctuated by their shrieks as they ran around and explored. I walked round the cloisters, used by the monks for exercise and meditation, as well as to store the annual harvest of wool that made the abbey so rich. The fleeces were sold to visiting merchants from Italy: even in the Middle Ages Fountains Abbey was a magnet for overseas visitors.
Outside the abbey, people were sunbathing or picnicking on the grass. These are the gardens of Studley Royal, landscaped in the 18th century with the ruined abbey as a focal point. I walked alongside the river, past woodland and towards the Georgian water gardens. It would have been a very different landscape in the Middle Ages: not just covered with sheep, but also used for mining and quarrying.
A UNESCO World Heritage Site
The whole park is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site, because the natural beauty of the Yorkshire countryside and the ruins of the abbey have been blended with the landscaped gardens to create a “harmonious whole”. It is also a recognition that the grounds influenced later garden design across the whole of England.
The crescent shaped pools of the water gardens are surrounded by the remains of temples and statues. Restoration work was taking place when I visited: a notice board informed me that a lot of “detective work” was being done, to find out what the gardens were really like in the 18th century.
On to the medieval deer park, where the deer were keeping a low profile as this was the breeding season. Beyond is the High Gothic Victorian St Mary’s Church and the Jacobean Fountains Hall, which are both part of the UNESCO inscription. I spent some time inside the church, where I amused myself by searching for carved and painted animals.
Finally, I took a long last look at the gardens and the abbey in the distance before heading off home.
Fountains Abbey: A Few Practicalities
- Fountains Abbey is in the Yorkshire Dales National Park, around 4 miles from Ripon in North Yorkshire.
- Buses run regularly from Ripon between April and October, and there is a large car park if you prefer to drive. For the energetic, there is footpath access from Ripon.
- If you are happy to drive, Fountains is also a great day trip from York, around 50 miles away.
- Guided tours are available in the summer.
- The property includes shops, restaurant and a tearoom.
- Entrance to the abbey is free to National Trust and English Heritage members.
- There are several other ruined abbeys to visit in Yorkshire. Have a look at these – 7 Great Abbeys In Yorkshire.